Evans School of Public Policy & Governance
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April 30, 2021

State Earned Income Tax Credits and Suicidal Behavior: A Repeated Cross-Sectional Study

Evans Authors: Heather D. Hill

Morgan, E.R., DeCou, C.R., Hill, H., Mooney, S., Rivara, F.P., and Rowhani-Rahbar, A. (2021). Preventative Medicine.

Suicide is an increasingly common cause of death in the United States and recent increases in suicide rates disproportionately impact low-income individuals. This study sought to assess the impact of income support in the form of state earned income tax credit policies on suicide-related behaviors.

March 31, 2021

The Earned Income Tax Credit and Intimate Partner Violence

Evans Authors: Heather D. Hill

Edmonds, A. T., Moe, C. A., Adhia, A., Mooney, S. J., Rivara, F. P., Hill, H. D., & Rowhani-Rahbar, A. (2021). Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a serious public health problem in the United States with adverse consequences for affected individuals and families. Recent reviews of the literature suggest that economic policies should be further investigated as part of comprehensive strategies to address IPV. The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is the nation’s largest anti-poverty program…

January 31, 2021

Association of State-Level Earned Income Tax Credits With Rates of Reported Child Maltreatment

Evans Authors: Heather D. Hill

Kovski, N. L., Hill, H.D., Mooney, S. J., Rivara, F. P, Morgan, E. R., & Rowhani-Rahbar, A. (2021). Child Maltreatment.

Poverty is an important predictor of child maltreatment. Social policies that strengthen the economic security of low-income families, such as the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), may reduce child maltreatment by impeding the pathways through which poverty leads to it. Economic support policies may reduce the risk of child maltreatment, especially neglect, and improve child…

July 31, 2020

State Earned Income Tax Credit policies and intimate partner homicide in the USA, 1990–2016

Evans Authors: Heather D. Hill

Moe, C. A., Adhia, A., Mooney, S. J., Hill, H. D., Rivara, F. P., & Rowhani-Rahbar, A. (2020). Injury Prevention.

Economic insecurity is a risk factor for intimate partner homicide (IPH). The Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) is the largest cash transfer programme to low-income working families in the USA. We hypothesised that EITCs could provide financial means for potential IPH victims to exit abusive relationships and establish self-sufficiency. We found no statistically significant association…

State earned income tax credits and general health indicators: A quasi-experimental national study 1993-2016

Evans Authors: Heather D. Hill

With Morgan, E. R., Hill, H. D., Mooney, S., Rivara, F.P., & Rowhani-Rahbar, A. (2020). Health Services Research.

Earned Income Tax Credit is known to promote employment and is largest anti-poverty program for working-age Americans. This study seeks to assess the relationship between the presence and generosity of state-level Earned Income Tax Credits (EITC) and multiple self-reported measures of general health.

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