Many individuals in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face a financial infrastructure gap. One way organizations have begun addressing this financial infrastructure gap in low-income and rural communities is through the provision of digital financial services (DFS). To utilize DFS however, users must be able to convert physical cash into electronic money through cash-in, cash-out (CICO) networks.
Risk – and the perception of risk - shapes our lives and the decisions we make every day. In a recent paper published in Risk Analysis, EPAR with lead author Alison Cullen analyzes perceptions of risk among smallholder farmers in Mali, with a focus on exploring how gender affects risk perceptions.
Multilateral and bilateral donors generally intend for economic development aid to recipient countries to decrease over time and for those countries to move toward greater self-sufficiency. Recent EPAR research looks at whether the concept of "self-sufficiency" for aid recipient countries is defined in the academic literature, grey literature, and donor policy documents.
Private sector investment in overall health research and development (R&D) exceeds $150 billion annually, but only $5.9 billion of this is focused on global health diseases that primarily affect low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). A recent EPAR review examines the evidence in the literature for five hypothesized disincentives to private sector investment in global health R&D, and looks at examples of policy incentives that may help promote private sector investment.